Here I present you the Tofas-Sahin , that is widely used as taxi in Turkey. Tofas is the largest manufacturer of cars in Turkey and produces under Fiat licence. Sahin is the Turkish word for Falcon. The car is basically a Fiat-131 with a facelift. It has a 1600 cc engine, recently had an adaption from the Fiat Tempra, replacing its outdated cam-in-block engine. This car is used widely because its parts are very cheap to replace. 2002 was the last year that they were produced.

This model I made is 1/20 scale, with the original Fiat 131 engine. It is completely scrap-built, with 427 parts in total . The only parts that are used from ready-made material are the wheels , tires and the steering wheel. The main material used is 0.25 mm thick sheet tin, and tea cans serve very good for the purpose. This model took 6 months to build, Sep.1995-Feb.1996.

As you look at the pics, you will have the details of the model and also some concepts about the taxi-driver attitudes in Turkey.

This is the general view of the taxi. The body is made of 0.25 mm thick sheet tin. The front grille and headlight lenses are cut from a transparent cassette-box cover and both the grille and the lens profiles are etched on the plastic.

The bumpers are from balsa block and the licence-plate characters on the doors and the roof are computer-cut stickers.

The front and rear glasses are also from cassette-box cover and are formed by shaping the material between the jaws of a die immersed in boiling water.

Turkish taxi drivers love to install wider rims and tires on their cars, so this fact was respected while building the model. I would like to point out that there are samples more exaggerated than what you see on the model.

This is the hood open view from the right side. The hood is really of two layers: one is the outer skin and the other is the reinforcing construction under it. The edges of the outer skin are bent over the reinforcement panel.

The hinges' bottom leaves are glued with cyanoacrylate cement, and dummy boltheads are still made of droplets of the same cement. Although the detail is too small to be viewed here, the battery cables are made by winding very thin copper wires .

This is the view as hood open from the left side. The engine is carved from balsa block, as well as the air filter housing.

The expansion tank, distributor and brake fluid reservoir are of plastic; whereas the master brake cylinder is made from metal rod and balsa block. The radiator and hoses are of plastic, and though not clear on this photo, the fan and its carrying case are made of thin cardboard. Below you can see the engine compartment while under construction. You may have a better view of the battery cables in these pics.

Here you can see the engine compartment from the top.

Here you see the instrument panel. The gauges are drawn on the computer and printed on paper. The steering wheel is sports-type wooden; an accessory intensively used by taxi drivers.

This is the right side view of the taxi.
Please note the customer-left newspaper in the backside pocket of the right front seat. The seats do have the pockets at their backs, also cut from cloth.

Now we are looking from the back side of the taxi and oh! - what is that writing on the rear window to block out the view? .... This word "SARIBELA" means "yellow curse" and once again, this is an example of another absurd habit of Turkish taxi drivers. They love to stick such things on the windows. Another very common fact about the windows is that, they are frequently covered with dark sun ray preventor films but I skipped this property since I wanted the inside to be seen!

How about a look from the bottom? You see the panhard rod at the rear axle covered with reflective stripes - another typical habit of the drivers.
The model is placed on a transparent plexiglass base with a wood border, in order to make the bottom part easier to view. Those three nuts you see one at the front and two at the rear axle serve for fixing the hooks that hold the car on the base. The exhaust pipe is of brass rod and the silencers are carved from balsa block.

The steering and suspension completely work. The car is suspended on helical springs that once were the springs of ball-point pens. All the moving joints are made of steel pins. The almost spherical head of a pin serves for the ball-joint of the front suspension.

Below are two shots taken during construction:

The dashboard is made of metal as well, and covered with artificial leather and looks like the real thing, because it is made of the real thing...
One outstanding item is the hanging CD down the rear view mirror! You may see this "accessory" on most taxis in Turkey; for some reason I still cannot figure out...

The seat belts are prepared on the computer and printed on paper.  Another real material at the inside is the cloth covering of the seats which are also formed from sheet metal.

The headlamp reflectors are formed from tin as well. A blind hole within the signal lamp block that has an orange paint drop serves for the colored bulb appearance.

The rear lamps are cut from cassette box and patterns are etched with a pin tip on the inside. Reflectors are carved from balsa and covered with aluminium foil to duplicate the appearance. Unfortunately, the photo does not show that detail.